European XFELThe European XFEL is a research facility of superlatives: It generates ultrashort X-ray flashes—27 000 times per second and with a brilliance that is a billion times higher than that of the best conventional X-ray radiation sources.
The 3.4 km long European XFEL generates extremely intense X-ray flashes used by researchers from all over the world. The flashes are produced in underground tunnels and allow scientists to map atomic details of viruses, film chemical reactions, and study processes in the interior of planets.
Health and biology
With the X-ray flashes of the European XFEL, scientists analyse the structure of biomolecules and biological entities such as proteins, cells, or membranes. Researchers can also study how these entities change while working. Understanding the structure of these entities, as well as their temporal changes, will provide insights into their functions, and form an important basis for the development of future medicines and therapies.